K. Mikalauskas
Section in Kaunas
Do & See
Visit! The remarkable Old Town which is a collection of ancient architectural monuments: the remnants of the 14th century with remains of Kaunas castle, the buildings of the Middle Ages in the Gothic and the Art Déco styles. The Kaunas Fortress is a valuable military heritage composed of a number of constructions that used to be a military complex. There are nine Forts around the city and the IXth Fort serves a museum. The macabre collection of nearly 3,000 devils at the Devils' Museum and the exhibitions showing the unique artistic styles of composer and painter M. K. Ciurlionis, as well as J. Maciunas initiator of the avant-garde Fluxus art movement.
Kaunas City audio guide in your smartphone

Kaunas City audio guide in your smartphone

Kaunas City introduces the most popular travel application PocketGuide. This app is a GPS based audio city guide application for smartphones (Android, iOS) which guides you through the city Kaunas Sharing Impressions by voice like a real tour guide introducing the most famous sights and facts. You can start your tour from Kaunas Castle and continue through the Old Town, Vilnius Street and Laisvės Avenue. Later you can also travel towards Žaliakalnis funicular, Kaunas Christ's Resurrection Church and St. Michael Archangel Church (Sobor). You can start your tour from the any chosen object. Audio guide is suitable for smartphones. Duration and distance: about 3 hours, 6.3 km. Languages: Lithuania, English, Russian. Why is it worth to try PocketGuide Kaunas: • Convenient to explore the city independently; • The most important sights and their history are on your smartphone; • Interactive map, photos and interesting information; • Easy to use; • Opportunity to change the route and select the most interesting sights. • Downloaded from this link http://pocketguideapp.com/en/kaunas the record is saved and can be used without an internet connection. It is also possible to listen to this audio guide free of charge without downloading using the internet. PocketGuide covers over 150 cities in 5 continents and has 100.000 new users joining every month. The app is used by the millions of tourists, entrepreneurs and local citizens.
Town Hall and Town Hall Square – (Rotušės Aikštė)

Town Hall and Town Hall Square – (Rotušės Aikštė)

Town Hall is distinguished by its slenderness and grace; it is often called The White Swan. Its tower of height of 53 meters is the highest in the old city. Present Town Hall located in the square was not the first in Kaunas. The previous one was destroyed by the fire. New Town Hall started to be built in the marketplace centre in 1542. Ceramics museum is founded in the basement. Wax melting furnaces of the 15th century were discovered near the tower in 1973. Since 2002, one of the furnaces is exposed in the paving.
The ensemble of Pažaislis buildings and Camaldolli abbey

The ensemble of Pažaislis buildings and Camaldolli abbey

It ranks among the most beautiful Baroque-style buildings in Lithuania. The church and abbey were built for Camaldolese (Benedictine) monks in the 17th century under the supervision of Italian masters from Florence (Michelangelo Palloni, Joan Merli, and Pietro Perti). Interesting! The beauty of the Abbey was well known in Europe, thus the Abbey was visited by King of Sweden Karol XII and Tsars Alexander I and Nikolaj I. The latter was so delighted by the beauty of the church that he assigned 130 thousands roubles for its reconstruction to the Provoslav one.
Kaunas sharing love

Kaunas sharing love

Kaunas sharing love
Kaunas Castle

Kaunas Castle

Supposedly, the first brick castle at the confluence of the rivers the Nemunas and the Neris was built at the 14th century when the attacks of Teutonic Order began. The castle was fence-type, without towers, it had double walls from stones and bricks from the outside. This defensive castle framed a powerful barrier and the knights did not resolve to attack the castle for decades, thus they used to bypass Kaunas in war marches. However, the castle of Kaunas was strongly broken down by a flood of the river Neris. Both northern towers and more than a half of the castle walls were blown down after the water wash.
Aleksotas funicular

Aleksotas funicular

Aleksotas funicular This unique mean of transportation was built in 1935. Authentic traction equipment, which has functioned for more than seventy years, is still in use today, including the genuine pre-war wagon, wooden seats, and stop platforms. Even today the funicular takes people up the Aleksotas hill, from which the panorama of the Kaunas city centre and Old town is wide open. Kaunas is the only city among Baltic States, where such means of transportation is available.
Žaliakalnis funicular

Žaliakalnis funicular

It is the oldest funicular in Lithuania and was constructed by the engineering office Curt Rudolph Transportanlagen from Dresden, Germany with electric equipment from "AEG" and mechanical parts from Bell Maschinenfabrik, Switzerland. The official opening was on 5th of August in 1931 with one passenger car, while the second car was only a platform ballasted with stones used to counterbalance the passenger car. Kaunas is the only city in Lithuania with this type of transport. In the residential district of Žaliakalnis these "climbing cars" serve both as a means of transport and entertainment. Žaliakalnis funicular provides an easy way of reaching the Resurrection Church from the city centre.
Architecture. Modernism

Architecture. Modernism

Modernism ideas which spread fast among most countries of the Western World after World War I soon emerged in Lithuania as well. In 1920 when Poland occupied Vilnius, Kaunas became the capital of the independent Republic of Lithuania (1920–1939) and the most important Lithuanian city. As the economy was growing, it was sought to make the capital a modern European city. Lithuanian architects started to design and build houses in the style of modernism, in German called the Bauhaus, which was avant-garde in Europe and the USA at that time. Up to the present day Kaunas is probably the only city in the world where so many buildings of this style were built and have remained intact. Each of the architects who created here had their own individual style which was distinguished for different modern variations. These variations included historical elements, a search for national style or just attempts to convey the main modernism principles. The European Commission officially confirmed that Kaunas, famous for its unique modernist architecture of the interwar period, is awarded the European Heritage Label. Buildings: Officers Club Ramovė (A. Mickevičiaus g. 19), Architects: Stasys Kudokas, Elmar Lohk, Herbert Johanson, Vladimiras Dubeneckis, Jonas Kriščiukaitis, Kazys Kriščiukaitis, Mykolas Songaila, Jonas Kova-Kovalskis; Central Post Office (Laisvės al. 102), Architect: Feliksas Vizbaras; Kaunas City Municipality (Laisvės al. 96), Architects: Arnas Funkas, Bronius Elsbergas; Vytautas the Great Military Museum (K. Donelaičio g. 64), Architects: Vladimiras Dubeneckis, Karolis Reisonas, Kazimieras Kriščiukaitis; M. K. Čiurlionis National Museum of Art (V. Putvinskio g. 55); Christ's Resurrection Church (Aukštaičių g.4), Architect: Karolis Reisonas; Firehouse (I. Kanto g. 1), Architects: Edmundas Alfonsas Frykas, Pranas Markūnas.
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