Modernism ideas which spread fast among most countries of the Western World after World War I soon emerged in Lithuania as well. In 1920 when Poland occupied Vilnius, Kaunas became the capital of the independent Republic of Lithuania (1920–1939) and the most important Lithuanian city. As the economy was growing, it was sought to make the capital a modern European city. Lithuanian architects started to design and build houses in the style of modernism, in German called the Bauhaus, which was avant-garde in Europe and the USA at that time. Up to the present day Kaunas is probably the only city in the world where so many buildings of this style were built and have remained intact. Each of the architects who created here had their own individual style which was distinguished for different modern variations. These variations included historical elements, a search for national style or just attempts to convey the main modernism principles.
The European Commission officially confirmed that Kaunas, famous for its unique modernist architecture of the interwar period, is awarded the European Heritage Label.
Officers Club Ramovė (A. Mickevičiaus g. 19), Architects: Stasys Kudokas, Elmar Lohk, Herbert Johanson, Vladimiras
Dubeneckis, Jonas Kriščiukaitis, Kazys Kriščiukaitis, Mykolas Songaila,
Central Post Office (Laisvės al. 102), Architect: Feliksas Vizbaras;
Kaunas City Municipality (Laisvės al. 96), Architects: Arnas Funkas, Bronius Elsbergas;
Vytautas the Great Military Museum (K. Donelaičio g. 64), Architects: Vladimiras Dubeneckis, Karolis Reisonas, Kazimieras
M. K. Čiurlionis National Museum of Art (V. Putvinskio g. 55);
Christ's Resurrection Church (Aukštaičių g.4), Architect: Karolis Reisonas;
Firehouse (I. Kanto g. 1), Architects: Edmundas Alfonsas Frykas, Pranas Markūnas.